On 13 July 1878, the Berlin Congress and the monarchs of England, Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia, France, Italy and Turkey signed the Treaty of Berlin, marking the first partition of Albanian lands. According to him, Montenegro was given to Tivari, Podgorica and Gucia, while Serbia expanded to the southeast, extending to ethnic Albanian lands. No one of Congressional participants submitted protests by Albanians against fragmentation, nor did they support requests for recognition of autonomy. The Great Powers, on the contrary, completely denied the existence of the Albanian cause. The anti-Albanian decisions of the Berlin Treaty encountered opposition from the League of Prizren and triggered strong protests nationwide.